Russian Mosin Nagant M91/30 7.62x54R Bolt Action Rifle


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The russian mosin nagant m91/30 7.62x54r stands as an iconic rifle with a rich history spanning over a century. Developed by Sergei Mosin and Léon Nagant, this bolt-action rifle became the standard issue for the Russian Imperial Army in 1891, and later, for the Soviet Red Army. The M91/30’s distinctive design features a long barrel, a bolt mechanism renowned for its robustness, and a magazine capacity of five rounds.

Notably, them91/30 russian 7.62x54r underwent variations in its receiver design, initially featuring a hexagonal receiver that evolved into a more common round shape in later models. Its adaptability was showcased during World War II when millions were produced to equip Soviet forces. The rifle’s endurance in harsh conditions and its simplicity contributed to its widespread use.

The 7.62x54mmR cartridge, synonymous with the Mosin-Nagant, is one of the oldest military cartridges still in service. The Russian Izhevsk Mosin Nagant 91/30 significance extends beyond military applications, as surplus rifles found their way into civilian hands globally, earning a place in firearm collections. The Mosin-Nagant M91/30 remains a symbol of Russian military heritage, leaving an indelible mark on the world of firearms and the annals of history.

Features of Russian M91/30 Rifle 7.62x54R

The Mosin-Nagant M91/30 boasts a distinctive design and features that contribute to its enduring legacy as a military rifle.

  1. Design: The rifle exhibits a classic bolt-action design characterized by a manually operated bolt mechanism. Its construction emphasizes simplicity and durability, making it well-suited for mass production and deployment in various conditions. Notably, the M91/30 evolved from the original Mosin-Nagant M1891 design, refining and adapting to the changing needs of military engagements.
  2. Technical Specifications: The M91/30 is known for its considerable length and weight, with a long barrel that enhances accuracy. The early models featured a hexagonal receiver, later transitioning to a more conventional round receiver in subsequent productions—this transition aimed at streamlining manufacturing processes without compromising functionality.
  3. Action Type: Being a bolt-action rifle, the M91/30 requires manual operation to cycle rounds. This design provides reliability, ease of maintenance, and a slower rate of fire compared to semi-automatic counterparts, contributing to its accuracy.
  4. Magazine Capacity: The internal magazine of the Mosin-Nagant M91/30 accommodates five rounds of the powerful 7.62x54mmR cartridge. This cartridge, known for its potency, has been a consistent element in the rifle’s design and its effectiveness on the battlefield.
  5. Notable Features: The M91/30’s distinctive features include a bayonet attachment, allowing for both melee combat and additional functionality. The rifle is equipped with iron sights, a notable element in its design, emphasizing accuracy in target acquisition.

Overall, the Mosin-Nagant M91/30’s design and features reflect a balance of simplicity, reliability, and effectiveness, contributing to its widespread use and recognition in the annals of firearms history.

Mosin-Nagant M91/30 Specifications:

1. Caliber: Chambered in 7.62x54mmR, a rimmed cartridge known for its power and longevity.

2. Action: Bolt-action design requiring manual operation for cycling rounds.

3. Barrel: Length: Approximately 28.7 inches (730 mm).  Typically features four-groove rifling.

4. Overall Length: Approximately 48.5 inches (1232 mm).

5. Weight: Unloaded Weight: Around 8.8 pounds (4 kg).

6. Magazine: Internal magazine with a capacity for five rounds. Single-stack configuration.

7. Receiver: Hexagonal (early models) or round (later models) receiver design—dovetail for scope mounting in sniper variants.

8. Sights: Iron sights with a rear notch and front post. She graduated rear sight for adjusting elevation.

9. Stock: Typically made of wood, with variations in wood quality and finish. Two-piece design with a separate upper handguard.

10. Bayonet: Equipped with a bayonet lug for attaching the spike bayonet. The bayonet serves both as a melee weapon and as a useful tool.

11. Variants: Sniper variants with PU scopes and mounts. Various production variations due to wartime demands and manufacturing changes.

12. Effective Range: Effective engagement range of up to 500 meters.

13. Historical Production: Produced in large quantities during and after World War II and utilized by various countries and factions due to surplus availability.

14. Historical Significance: Iconic rifle used by Russian Imperial and Soviet forces and contributed to historical events, including World Wars and various conflicts.

The Mosin-Nagant M91/30’s specifications highlight its robust design, adaptability, and historical importance in military contexts. Its enduring popularity among collectors is a testament to its lasting impact on firearms history.

Sniper variants of Russian M91/30 Mosin Nagant 7.62x54R Rifle

The Mosin-Nagant M91/30 Sniper variants represent a specialized adaptation of the standard-issue rifle, designed to enhance accuracy for long-range precision shooting. These sniper rifles played a crucial role in the Soviet Union’s marksman programs during and after World War II. Here are key features of the Mosin-Nagant Sniper variants:

1. PU Scope and Mount: The most prominent feature of the sniper variant is the inclusion of a PU (Perevodnoy Upravleniya) scope. The PU scope is a 3.5x power optic with a distinctive reticle, providing improved target acquisition and accuracy at longer ranges. Mounting the PU scope typically involves a side-mounted base on the receiver, with a mount that allows for easier installation and removal of the optic.

2. Accuracy Enhancements: Sniper variants underwent a more meticulous selection of components to ensure better accuracy. Barrels were often selected for their superior accuracy potential, contributing to enhanced long-range performance. Tighter tolerances in the manufacturing process were applied to improve overall precision.

3. Adjustable Iron Sights: While equipped with a scope, sniper variants retained adjustable iron sights as a backup or for close-range engagements. This dual-sighting system added versatility to the sniper’s capabilities.

4. Unique Serial Numbers: Sniper variants sometimes feature unique serial numbers, differentiating them from standard-issue rifles. This facilitated the tracking, maintenance, and identification of rifles specifically designated for sniping duties.

5. Effective Range: The addition of the USED Russian M91/30 PU Sniper significantly extended the effective range of the Mosin-Nagant Sniper variants, allowing skilled sharpshooters to engage targets accurately at distances beyond those achievable with the standard issue rifles.

These sniper variants played a crucial role in the hands of skilled marksmen on the Eastern Front of World War II. They continued to be utilized in various conflicts, showcasing the adaptability and longevity of the russian mosin nagant m91/30 7.62x54r. The combination of the rugged and reliable Mosin-Nagant platform with precision optics contributed to the sniper variant’s effectiveness in the hands of Soviet sharpshooters.


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